Abstract

B. Khastumur, O. Shourt "Fighting Environmental Uranium Pollution in Mongolia"

The constant demand to feed the nuclear reactors in order to produce nuclear power and provide mainly the developed countries with plenty of energy, made international companies such as Areva explore new countries with rich uranium deposits. One of such newly discovered countries was Mongolia, which sadly was victimized in every way. This paper explains the effects the uranium exploration and extraction had on the environment, water, animals, plants and people, particularly the herders whose lives entirely depend on their animals and environment. The government of Mongolia is more concerned about the dollars they receive from Areva than the well-being of its own citizens and their environment. This paper also presents the evidence of the common struggle of civil society, local herders and non-profit organizations dedicated to the environment against uranium mining. Through demonstrations, seminars and social media, the organisation Delhiin Mongol Nogoon Negdel (DMNN) and other non-profit organizations have tried to educate the public on the adverse effects of  uranium mining for the environment, against the intentions of the government, which in the past has tried to squash down all their efforts and advertise it otherwise.