Abstract

B. Khastumur, O. Shourd "Fighting Environmental Uranium Pollution in Mongolia"
The constant demand to feed the nuclear reactors in order to produce nuclear power and provide mainly the developed countries with plenty of energy, made international companies such as AREVA explore new countries with rich uranium deposits. One of such newly discovered countries was Mongolia, which sadly was victimized in every way. This paper explains what effects the uranium exploration and extraction had on the environment, water, animals, plants and people, particularly the herders whose lives entirely depend on their animals and environment. The government of Mongolia is more concerned about the revenue it receives by licensing mining than for the well-being of its citizens and their environment.
This paper presents the evidence against uranium mining and talks about the common struggle of civil society, including local herders and non-profit organizations dedicated to the environment and a sustained healthy livelyhood. Through demonstrations, seminars and social media, the organisation Delhiin Mongol Nogoon Negdel (DMNN) and other non-profit organizations have tried to educate the public on the adverse effects of uranium mining for the environment.                                             
In the interest of the well-being of the population, particularly in rural areas, and in consideration of a likely downtrend for uranium as resource in a world relying less on nuclear energy, yet in appreciation of a growing interest for Mongolia by the tourism industry, the preservation of the beauty of the land and the cleanliness of the waters should have utmost importance for the Govt. of Mongolia.